All parents need support from individuals, family-friendly institutions, and caring communities. The goal of parenting is to strengthen parents’ capability to draw upon available resources for their own and their children’s well-being.
“Children grow and thrive in the context of close and dependable relationships that provide love and nurturance, security, responsive interaction, and encouragement for exploration. Without at least one such relationship, development is disrupted and the consequences can be severe and long-lasting. If provided or restored, however, a sensitive caregiving relationship can foster remarkable recovery”(National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, pg. 389).
- Understand the stages of child development. Good parenting practices differ across several developmental stages of childhood and adolescence.
- Focus on critical periods to prevent problems. Problems can arise at the transition points, such as the first year of life, divorce, step family formation, and puberty.
- The needs related to the family structure, such as helping divorcing parents meet the challenges of co-parenting.